USWITCH – WWW-USWITCH.COM – FOR CHEAPER GAS,ELECTRICITY,WATER,BROADBAND,LOANS,CREDIT CARD PROVIDER

USWITCH – WWW-USWITCH.COM – FOR CHEAPER GAS,ELECTRICITY,WATER,BROADBAND,LOANS,CREDIT CARD PROVIDERS
Author: super cool sites
OFTEL PASS REPORT ON uSWITCH.COM – http://www-uswitch.com
If you would like to see whether you could be saving money on your telephone bill and have access to the Internet, read on…
On 16 June 2003, after passing a series of thorough checks (including a site visit by independent auditors), uSwitch.com became the first telephone price comparison website to be awarded the Oftel PASS.
What is the Oftel PASS?
Towards the end of 2002, Oftel launched a new scheme – the Oftel Price Assurance Standard – to give consumers confidence in telecoms price comparisons.
The Oftel PASS logo, displayed on a price comparison website, gives consumers the assurance that they will be able to compare prices easily and accurately whilst shopping around for the best deal. Oftel only awards the Oftel PASS to websites meeting strict criteria. Amongst other things, price information must be accurate, up-to-date and impartial, and the design of the website must take into account the needs of users with disabilities.
uSwitch.com’s ‘home phone’ website
Key features of the website include:
free to use;
price comparisons from over 20 different telephone companies;
frequent checks and updates of prices and comparisons;
a search for price comparisons based on your postcode; and
a dedicated customer service phone line, and a freephone number that you can call for more information and advice.
Examples of potential savings
A consumer spending around £70 a month (on mainly local/national calls) could save up to £14 a quarter – ie around 20% of their bill, by choosing the cheapest package available.
For consumers who regularly make international calls, even bigger savings may be available. For example, a consumer spending 2 hours a month calling the US may be able to save over £60 a quarter by choosing the cheapest operator available.
Go to http://www-uswitch.com/
Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_121177_29.html

USWITCH – WWW-USWITCH.COM – FOR CHEAPER GAS,ELECTRICITY,WATER,BROADBAND,LOANS,CREDIT CARD PROVIDER

If you would like to see whether you could be saving money on your telephone bill and have access to the Internet, read on…

On 16 June 2003, after passing a series of thorough checks (including a site visit by independent auditors), uSwitch.com became the first telephone price comparison website to be awarded the Oftel PASS.

What is the Oftel PASS?

Towards the end of 2002, Oftel launched a new scheme – the Oftel Price Assurance Standard – to give consumers confidence in telecoms price comparisons.

The Oftel PASS logo, displayed on a price comparison website, gives consumers the assurance that they will be able to compare prices easily and accurately whilst shopping around for the best deal. Oftel only awards the Oftel PASS to websites meeting strict criteria. Amongst other things, price information must be accurate, up-to-date and impartial, and the design of the website must take into account the needs of users with disabilities.

uSwitch.com’s ‘home phone’ website

Key features of the website include:

free to use;

price comparisons from over 20 different telephone companies;

frequent checks and updates of prices and comparisons;

a search for price comparisons based on your postcode; and

a dedicated customer service phone line, and a freephone number that you can call for more information and advice.

Examples of potential savings

A consumer spending around £70 a month (on mainly local/national calls) could save up to £14 a quarter – ie around 20% of their bill, by choosing the cheapest package available.

For consumers who regularly make international calls, even bigger savings may be available. For example, a consumer spending 2 hours a month calling the US may be able to save over £60 a quarter by choosing the cheapest operator available.

Go to http://www-uswitch.com/

Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_121177_29.html

4G, the next generation mobile phone technology

4G, the next genertaion mobile phone technology
Author: Marcia Literral
Nowadays, everyone has a mobile phone. Whether they’re on a contract or a pay as you go tariff, the mobile phone has become an essential item for numerous people. this article will be taking a look at the history of the mobile phone – and its future – in order to learn more about the now-essential telecommunications device.
Forget about alexandra graeme bell. On 3 april, 1973, dr martin cooper, who was a motorola employee, called his rival Joel Engel, who was head of research at AT&T’s Bell Labs. dr Martin made the phone call while he was on a new york street & did so through the first Motorola DynaTAC prototype in front of journalists. motorola has a long history of making portable radios for vehicles, particularly two-way radios for cabs & police cars. despite this, recognisable mobile phones have existed since the fifties at least.
The first mobile phones are now referred to as first generation (1g) mobile telephones.
The first hand held phone to be released onto the us market was the Motorola DynaTAC 8000X in 1983. mobile phones started to gain popularity in the eighties with the introduction of cell phones that were based on cell networks. mobile phones were initially somewhat larger than current ones, and they were first designed for installation in vehicles only, which is why they were called car phones. these chunky devices were later transformed for use as transportable phones the size of a briefcase and the rest is history.
Second generation (2g) mobile telephones first appeared in the nineties. Unlike 1-g telephones that were analog, 2g telephones use digital technology to provide voice services and for text messaging and wap access.
A handful of the advantages of 2-g telephones are that they use less strong radio signals, which require less battery power. This means that telephones lasts a lot longer between charges, so batteries – and thus the phones themselves – can be made smaller. as well as this, 2-g telephones offer much more privacy. Indeed, digital phone calls are much more difficult to eaves drop on than 1g telephone calls.
The name 2.5G is used to describe the phone technology that is post 2g, but not quite 3g. However, while the terms 2g and 3g are officially defined, the term 2.5G is not. in fact, this term was invented for marketing reasons only.
3g is the term given to the third generation of mobile telephone standards and technology. 3-g follows 2-g mobile telephone technology.
The birth of 3g technologies allow network operators such as Vodafone offer their users a wider range of more advanced services. These include video callsand broadband internet.
Although 3g was introduced successfully throughout the world, complaints have been made by both 3g providers and users, which include expensive telephones. as well as this, there’s numerous differences in the terms of licencing.
After 3-g, we can get excited about the debut of 4-g technology, which promises to be the finest & most developed mobile phone technology yet.
Thank you for reading our article about the invention of the mobile phone. as you’ve probably guessed by now, the mobile phone has come a long way since it was first launched & there’s a fair chance of, it’ll be developed even further still.
Maria Literral has worked in telecoms for over 20 years having spent time developing mobile communications and wireless telecommuncation devices.
Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_584763_45.html

4G, the next generation mobile phone technology

Author: Marcia Literral

Nowadays, everyone has a mobile phone. Whether they’re on a contract or a pay as you go tariff, the mobile phone has become an essential item for numerous people. this article will be taking a look at the history of the mobile phone – and its future – in order to learn more about the now-essential telecommunications device.

Forget about alexandra graeme bell. On 3 april, 1973, dr martin cooper, who was a motorola employee, called his rival Joel Engel, who was head of research at AT&T’s Bell Labs. dr Martin made the phone call while he was on a new york street & did so through the first Motorola DynaTAC prototype in front of journalists. motorola has a long history of making portable radios for vehicles, particularly two-way radios for cabs & police cars. despite this, recognisable mobile phones have existed since the fifties at least.

The first mobile phones are now referred to as first generation (1g) mobile telephones.

The first hand held phone to be released onto the us market was the Motorola DynaTAC 8000X in 1983. mobile phones started to gain popularity in the eighties with the introduction of cell phones that were based on cell networks. mobile phones were initially somewhat larger than current ones, and they were first designed for installation in vehicles only, which is why they were called car phones. these chunky devices were later transformed for use as transportable phones the size of a briefcase and the rest is history.

Second generation (2g) mobile telephones first appeared in the nineties. Unlike 1-g telephones that were analog, 2g telephones use digital technology to provide voice services and for text messaging and wap access.

A handful of the advantages of 2-g telephones are that they use less strong radio signals, which require less battery power. This means that telephones lasts a lot longer between charges, so batteries – and thus the phones themselves – can be made smaller. as well as this, 2-g telephones offer much more privacy. Indeed, digital phone calls are much more difficult to eaves drop on than 1g telephone calls.

The name 2.5G is used to describe the phone technology that is post 2g, but not quite 3g. However, while the terms 2g and 3g are officially defined, the term 2.5G is not. in fact, this term was invented for marketing reasons only.

3g is the term given to the third generation of mobile telephone standards and technology. 3-g follows 2-g mobile telephone technology.

The birth of 3g technologies allow network operators such as Vodafone offer their users a wider range of more advanced services. These include video callsand broadband internet.

Although 3g was introduced successfully throughout the world, complaints have been made by both 3g providers and users, which include expensive telephones. as well as this, there’s numerous differences in the terms of licencing.

After 3-g, we can get excited about the debut of 4-g technology, which promises to be the finest & most developed mobile phone technology yet.

Thank you for reading our article about the invention of the mobile phone. as you’ve probably guessed by now, the mobile phone has come a long way since it was first launched & there’s a fair chance of, it’ll be developed even further still.

Maria Literral has worked in telecoms for over 20 years having spent time developing mobile communications and wireless telecommuncation devices.

Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_584763_45.html

How to Make Solar Panels for your House – Tips on Getting Started

How to Make Solar Panels for your House – Tips on Getting Started
Author: Nathan
Building solar panels for your home is a solution many homeowners are beginning to follow and do something about.
Among the alternate power alternatives, solar and the wind power units are the most popular and are becoming more cost-effective and far less cumbersome than in the past.
Home powered systems take some initial installation and investment, but the energy savings over time can be substantial. It provides security, in that you will no longer rely on anyone else to fill your energy needs.
If you would like to make solar panels for your home or business, you should know that putting together your own units is not that hard and is truly much cheaper than purchasing them of the shelves.
Step by step Guides will help you with some basics about exactly how it works. As you might have guessed, photovoltaic solar panels are the type you will be working on if you decide to go with method for your home. More than 10,000 homes in most cities have home solar power photovoltaic systems installed.
State by state, regulations for how this procedure applies for solar energy may vary and also in connection with the home’s power generator and the distribution grid. The size and number of panels, and your actual physical location help determine how much home power you can generate.
Incentives for homeowners include bonds, deductions, grants, exemptions and loans which all provided for the home solar units. Learn the benefits of constructing your own diy home solar panels and find out more about home solar power & how it works.
There are many different ways you can get a home solar power systems, including diy solar kits that come complete with diagrams and materials you need to build your own solar power systems for very little money.
Sign up for our Free Video Tutorial on Installing Solar Panels, Inluded are fully illustrated manual + easy to follow video that will help you gernerate electricity and save you $1000s! See more at:  Solarergytoolkit.com
Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1506521_27.html

How to Make Solar Panels for your House – Tips on Getting Started

Author: Nathan

Building solar panels for your home is a solution many homeowners are beginning to follow and do something about.

Among the alternate power alternatives, solar and the wind power units are the most popular and are becoming more cost-effective and far less cumbersome than in the past.

Home powered systems take some initial installation and investment, but the energy savings over time can be substantial. It provides security, in that you will no longer rely on anyone else to fill your energy needs.

If you would like to make solar panels for your home or business, you should know that putting together your own units is not that hard and is truly much cheaper than purchasing them of the shelves.

Step by step Guides will help you with some basics about exactly how it works. As you might have guessed, photovoltaic solar panels are the type you will be working on if you decide to go with method for your home. More than 10,000 homes in most cities have home solar power photovoltaic systems installed.

State by state, regulations for how this procedure applies for solar energy may vary and also in connection with the home’s power generator and the distribution grid. The size and number of panels, and your actual physical location help determine how much home power you can generate.

Incentives for homeowners include bonds, deductions, grants, exemptions and loans which all provided for the home solar units. Learn the benefits of constructing your own diy home solar panels and find out more about home solar power & how it works.

There are many different ways you can get a home solar power systems, including diy solar kits that come complete with diagrams and materials you need to build your own solar power systems for very little money.

Sign up for our Free Video Tutorial on Installing Solar Panels, Inluded are fully illustrated manual + easy to follow video that will help you gernerate electricity and save you $1000s! See more at:  Solarergytoolkit.com

Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1506521_27.html

Residential Solar Panels – Solar Powering You Home

Residential Solar Panels – Solar Powering You Home
Author: Nathan
Many smart homeowners have begun building their own residential solar power systems, with the main objective to save on rising utility cost, enhance the overall home appraisal value, as well as being able to leave behind a green legacy.
Higher prices for electricity,Increasing cost of natural gas and oil has made solar powered systems a wise option. Regardless of personal reasons on choosing this method for home use over traditional utility-purchased electric, the end result is to avoid possible rate increases in the price of utility-purchased electricity.
The steps on building home solar systems isn’t really a difficult task, you’ll need to learn some basics on how exactly do solar panels work. Various kits are offered to download from different vendors that will teach you how to build residential solar power systems.
Once you build your residential solar power systems, they will pay for themselves many times over the course of their life. The solar power systems are tremendously useful because they exploit the solar energy from the sun, in addition to so we do not have to depend upon the scarce resources.
You can solar power your entire home for a fraction of this amount if you learn how to build it on your own. Rebates for installing solar panels and also look to improve their efficiency, the cost of installing solar power home has come down over time.
For the benefits that you can receive, residential solar power systems are becoming the greatest energy resource for the 21st century. In conclusion, learning how to build solar power systems will literally save you $1000s on utility bills now and in the future!
Sign up for a Free Step by Step Video on Building  Residential Solar Powered Panels. Included are all the tools needed to Immediately start building your own solar panels for you home! See further details at solarenergytoolkit.com
Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1506530_27.html

Residential Solar Panels – Solar Powering You Home

Author: Nathan

Many smart homeowners have begun building their own residential solar power systems, with the main objective to save on rising utility cost, enhance the overall home appraisal value, as well as being able to leave behind a green legacy.

Higher prices for electricity,Increasing cost of natural gas and oil has made solar powered systems a wise option. Regardless of personal reasons on choosing this method for home use over traditional utility-purchased electric, the end result is to avoid possible rate increases in the price of utility-purchased electricity.

The steps on building home solar systems isn’t really a difficult task, you’ll need to learn some basics on how exactly do solar panels work. Various kits are offered to download from different vendors that will teach you how to build residential solar power systems.

Once you build your residential solar power systems, they will pay for themselves many times over the course of their life. The solar power systems are tremendously useful because they exploit the solar energy from the sun, in addition to so we do not have to depend upon the scarce resources.

You can solar power your entire home for a fraction of this amount if you learn how to build it on your own. Rebates for installing solar panels and also look to improve their efficiency, the cost of installing solar power home has come down over time.

For the benefits that you can receive, residential solar power systems are becoming the greatest energy resource for the 21st century. In conclusion, learning how to build solar power systems will literally save you $1000s on utility bills now and in the future!

Sign up for a Free Step by Step Video on Building  Residential Solar Powered Panels. Included are all the tools needed to Immediately start building your own solar panels for you home! See further details at solarenergytoolkit.com

Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1506530_27.html

Home Solar Electricity System: 9 Reasons Why It Should Be The Top Priority in Home Improvements

Home Solar Electricity System: 9 Reasons Why It Should Be The Top Priority in Home Improvements
Author: Cinto Deverde
All improvements are designed to meet the growing needs of the family. This may be an additional room, a larger storage area, a new landscape for the lawn or a Solar Electricity System. All of these improvements bring benefits and enjoyment to the family, why is Solar Electricity System considered the most important when it is not even the most common and not widely known in some areas? What makes it the top priority in home improvements? This article will deal with these concerns
9 Reasons:
1.The Home Solar Electricity System is superior when compared to other home improvements in percentage of cost recovered. It recovers more than 100% of its cost.
2.The monetary benefits of the System are quantifiable. For every $ 1,000 reduction in annual electricity operating cost, the home value is increased by $ 20,000.
3.The System is a proven and established technology which can lower home cost of operation by reducing electricity consumption (bills) by 50, 80 or even 100%. This is another quantifiable benefit which the family can enjoy in 20 to 25 years with minimum maintenance.
4.It guarantees continuous electricity supply even when utility power is down. With the savings in electricity bills, the family gets free electricity after 2 to 3 years.
5.The System earns extra income when the excess electricity it generates is sold to the utility company.
6.The Home Solar Electricity System spares the family from threats of electricity rate increase in years ahead.
7.The System is one home improvement where government financial incentives reduce the total cost of installation by up to 50%.
8.A home with Solar Electricity System can avail of net metering incentive from the utility company. This incentive enables the solar energy user to “bank” excess electricity generated with the grid for the future. It maximizes electricity use.
9.The System makes you a solution to the growing energy crisis and global pollution problems.
One of the recent National Poll Surveys showed that 77% of Americans feel that the federal government should make solar power development a national priority including the financial support needed. This is reflected by a growing number of homeowners who have adopted of Home Solar Electricity System as an independent source of power and an attractive vehicle for financial investment. With a service life of 20 to 25 years, the System is one home improvement that can provide FREE electricity in 2 to 3 years after installation.
Join the thousands who have built their own Home Solar Electricity System. We can help you every step of the way you can build one today.
About the Author
Cinto Deverde is a strong advocate of renewable energy. Having graduated from the University of the Philippines with Biological Science degree he had been involved in recycling of nature’s products and the movement to harness the power of the sun. He writes to encourage solar energy adoption in homes. His articles answer common questions ask by prospective solar energy users. He believes that this is the way to keep them better informed and fully prepared when they finally decide to install their own Home Solar System.
For more related solar energy articles, visit him at: Solar Info Blog.
Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1242289_27.html

Home Solar Electricity System: 9 Reasons Why It Should Be The Top Priority in Home Improvements

All improvements are designed to meet the growing needs of the family. This may be an additional room, a larger storage area, a new landscape for the lawn or a Solar Electricity System. All of these improvements bring benefits and enjoyment to the family, why is Solar Electricity System considered the most important when it is not even the most common and not widely known in some areas? What makes it the top priority in home improvements? This article will deal with these concerns

9 Reasons:

1.The Home Solar Electricity System is superior when compared to other home improvements in percentage of cost recovered. It recovers more than 100% of its cost.

2.The monetary benefits of the System are quantifiable. For every $ 1,000 reduction in annual electricity operating cost, the home value is increased by $ 20,000.

3.The System is a proven and established technology which can lower home cost of operation by reducing electricity consumption (bills) by 50, 80 or even 100%. This is another quantifiable benefit which the family can enjoy in 20 to 25 years with minimum maintenance.

4.It guarantees continuous electricity supply even when utility power is down. With the savings in electricity bills, the family gets free electricity after 2 to 3 years.

5.The System earns extra income when the excess electricity it generates is sold to the utility company.

6.The Home Solar Electricity System spares the family from threats of electricity rate increase in years ahead.

7.The System is one home improvement where government financial incentives reduce the total cost of installation by up to 50%.

8.A home with Solar Electricity System can avail of net metering incentive from the utility company. This incentive enables the solar energy user to “bank” excess electricity generated with the grid for the future. It maximizes electricity use.

9.The System makes you a solution to the growing energy crisis and global pollution problems.

One of the recent National Poll Surveys showed that 77% of Americans feel that the federal government should make solar power development a national priority including the financial support needed. This is reflected by a growing number of homeowners who have adopted of Home Solar Electricity System as an independent source of power and an attractive vehicle for financial investment. With a service life of 20 to 25 years, the System is one home improvement that can provide FREE electricity in 2 to 3 years after installation.

Join the thousands who have built their own Home Solar Electricity System. We can help you every step of the way you can build one today.

About the Author

Cinto Deverde is a strong advocate of renewable energy. Having graduated from the University of the Philippines with Biological Science degree he had been involved in recycling of nature’s products and the movement to harness the power of the sun. He writes to encourage solar energy adoption in homes. His articles answer common questions ask by prospective solar energy users. He believes that this is the way to keep them better informed and fully prepared when they finally decide to install their own Home Solar System.

For more related solar energy articles, visit him at: Solar Info Blog.

Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1242289_27.html

Tips On Making Homemade Solar Power Electricity

Tips On Making Homemade Solar Power Electricity
Author: Seb Tennyson
With the advancement in today’s technology, it is now possible to make your own homemade solar power electricity. By making your own electricity for either the little things or, the largest ones like your entire house, you can save money on your electric bill, or totally eliminate it.
The pitiful state of our environment should also be one of the considerations for wanting to create your own electricity. Who would not wish that our world would stay stable and suitable for the future generations? That through your own contribution to alternative energy and renewable energy sources, no matter how small it may be, you are able to take part in saving it from further annihilation.
You can produce your own homemade solar power electricity using cost efficient renewable energy sources such as wind or solar. Wind power which is now well developed and improved so that anyone with limited mechanical or technical skills can build a generator for a modest price.
Wind powered electrical systems produce about 9-10 times the amount of electricity that solar energy produces. The only downside is if your area does not get more than 8-10 mph average winds then there is a possibility that you would not immediately be able to get your investment back. But, to those area blessed with ample wind, it’s not impossible to get your money’s worth at the shortest possible time.
Solar power, on the other hand could also be a good alternative to making your own electricity. Homemade solar power generators can now be made at home even with minimal resources. There is plenty of information available in the market nowadays, such as the resources mentioned at the end of this article.
The Internet abounds with homemade solar power kits. You just have to select the best guides that would walk you through the whole creation process and, you’d be surprised to find how easy making a solar generator could be. Also, you must be wary of those marketers who are just out to take advantage of newbies into buying into their program. Parts and components are affordable and can easily be bought from your local hardware. Be sure to research potential suppliers.
Choosing to make your own electricity doesn’t necessarily mean that you will get financial freedom entirely. Your capacity to power is also dependent on the capacity of your generators. So, for instance if you opt to have just enough, to power your electrical gate, it’s all up to you, it’s your decision.
It is important to note that according to studies the best choices to power your home would be the solar and wind energy. This is so mainly due to its affordability, easy installation process and specifically, because they can safely be operated and maintained at home even without the professional help.
So, why not make your own homemade solar power electricity when all the good things derived from it outweigh the initial input of investment and effort spent in the process of construction. Now is the time to move and act to better our lives and to save the earth. No doubt, together, we can all make a difference.
Did you enjoy this article? Interested in  Making Solar Energy? Discover this FREE Natural Energy Savings Report…And Learn How To Make Homemade Solar Power Today!
Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1169172_24.html

Tips On Making Homemade Solar Power Electricity

With the advancement in today’s technology, it is now possible to make your own homemade solar power electricity. By making your own electricity for either the little things or, the largest ones like your entire house, you can save money on your electric bill, or totally eliminate it.

The pitiful state of our environment should also be one of the considerations for wanting to create your own electricity. Who would not wish that our world would stay stable and suitable for the future generations? That through your own contribution to alternative energy and renewable energy sources, no matter how small it may be, you are able to take part in saving it from further annihilation.

You can produce your own homemade solar power electricity using cost efficient renewable energy sources such as wind or solar. Wind power which is now well developed and improved so that anyone with limited mechanical or technical skills can build a generator for a modest price.

Wind powered electrical systems produce about 9-10 times the amount of electricity that solar energy produces. The only downside is if your area does not get more than 8-10 mph average winds then there is a possibility that you would not immediately be able to get your investment back. But, to those area blessed with ample wind, it’s not impossible to get your money’s worth at the shortest possible time.

Solar power, on the other hand could also be a good alternative to making your own electricity. Homemade solar power generators can now be made at home even with minimal resources. There is plenty of information available in the market nowadays, such as the resources mentioned at the end of this article.

The Internet abounds with homemade solar power kits. You just have to select the best guides that would walk you through the whole creation process and, you’d be surprised to find how easy making a solar generator could be. Also, you must be wary of those marketers who are just out to take advantage of newbies into buying into their program. Parts and components are affordable and can easily be bought from your local hardware. Be sure to research potential suppliers.

Choosing to make your own electricity doesn’t necessarily mean that you will get financial freedom entirely. Your capacity to power is also dependent on the capacity of your generators. So, for instance if you opt to have just enough, to power your electrical gate, it’s all up to you, it’s your decision.

It is important to note that according to studies the best choices to power your home would be the solar and wind energy. This is so mainly due to its affordability, easy installation process and specifically, because they can safely be operated and maintained at home even without the professional help.

So, why not make your own homemade solar power electricity when all the good things derived from it outweigh the initial input of investment and effort spent in the process of construction. Now is the time to move and act to better our lives and to save the earth. No doubt, together, we can all make a difference.

Did you enjoy this article? Interested in  Making Solar Energy? Discover this FREE Natural Energy Savings Report…And Learn How To Make Homemade Solar Power Today!

Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1169172_24.html

Free Solar Panel Plans

Free Solar Panel Plans
Author: solar1985
It has become much more affordable in recent years to convert to solar electricity. In fact, many government subsidies and tax incentives are available to homeowners who wish to convert to solar electricity. If converting to solar power still seems out of reach, you may possibly be able to purchase your utilities from a ‘green’ supplier. If, however, you have made the decision to convert, the first priority is to determine your electrical needs. The second priority, is to determine what materials are necessary.
The first priority requires you to determine your average daily electric usage.  You want to arrive at a number that includes the highs and lows throughout the year.  Your solar system should be sufficient to provide the minimum usage in winter and summer months.
Free solar panel plans are available, but sadly do not provide the requisite information on materials and where these components can be found. For the do it yourself crowd, there are several excellent guides that allow anyone to build their own solar panel and accompanying system with readily available and inexpensive components.
Another point to make is the fact that so-called “free solar panel plans” do not help you make the decision as to what kind of system you should use to supply your home solar electricity. The three types of solar panel systems available are as follows.  1. You can tie your solar panels into your power meter. In this system, your solar system is basically backed by electricity from your electric company.  2. You can tie your solar panels into the grid with battery backup. This system provides your electricity, while charging batteries for backup and excess is sent back, through your meter, to the electric company.  3. The stand-alone system. Similar to #2, but you are completely disconnected from the electric company.
Once you learn about building and installing solar systems for your home, you will find that you need more than a simple solar panel diagram or free solar panel plans.  You will need a quality guide that has in-depth information on all of the above points, while also providing clear, concise building instructions to lead you effectively to the best system for your individual needs.
And never forget that converting to a home solar electric system is an investment for the future of our planet and your pocketbook!
Sam Redman has been interested in Solar Power and other forms of green energy, for longer than most.  Being a man who has always had a curiosity about the science involved, he writes on the subject frequently.  Free solar panel plans, while certainly available, are sadly lacking in the fundamentals necessary to put them to good use. Build your own solar panel and  instructions to build a solar panel are resources worth looking into.
Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_765040_45.html

Free Solar Panel Plans

It has become much more affordable in recent years to convert to solar electricity. In fact, many government subsidies and tax incentives are available to homeowners who wish to convert to solar electricity. If converting to solar power still seems out of reach, you may possibly be able to purchase your utilities from a ‘green’ supplier. If, however, you have made the decision to convert, the first priority is to determine your electrical needs. The second priority, is to determine what materials are necessary.

The first priority requires you to determine your average daily electric usage.  You want to arrive at a number that includes the highs and lows throughout the year.  Your solar system should be sufficient to provide the minimum usage in winter and summer months.

Free solar panel plans are available, but sadly do not provide the requisite information on materials and where these components can be found. For the do it yourself crowd, there are several excellent guides that allow anyone to build their own solar panel and accompanying system with readily available and inexpensive components.

Another point to make is the fact that so-called “free solar panel plans” do not help you make the decision as to what kind of system you should use to supply your home solar electricity. The three types of solar panel systems available are as follows.  1. You can tie your solar panels into your power meter. In this system, your solar system is basically backed by electricity from your electric company.  2. You can tie your solar panels into the grid with battery backup. This system provides your electricity, while charging batteries for backup and excess is sent back, through your meter, to the electric company.  3. The stand-alone system. Similar to #2, but you are completely disconnected from the electric company.

Once you learn about building and installing solar systems for your home, you will find that you need more than a simple solar panel diagram or free solar panel plans.  You will need a quality guide that has in-depth information on all of the above points, while also providing clear, concise building instructions to lead you effectively to the best system for your individual needs.

And never forget that converting to a home solar electric system is an investment for the future of our planet and your pocketbook!

Sam Redman has been interested in Solar Power and other forms of green energy, for longer than most.  Being a man who has always had a curiosity about the science involved, he writes on the subject frequently.  Free solar panel plans, while certainly available, are sadly lacking in the fundamentals necessary to put them to good use. Build your own solar panel and  instructions to build a solar panel are resources worth looking into.

Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_765040_45.html

Are You Paying Too Much On Your Electric Bill?

Are You Paying Too Much On Your Electric Bill?
Author: rgran
Texas is leading the nation in Energy Deregulation. Because of the planning and implementation of a very efficient Energy Deregulation and Operating System by the Texas Legislature, Texans can now enjoy the benefits of competition. Texas created the Electric Reliability Council of Texas.
The mission of the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) is to direct and ensure reliable and cost-effective operation of the electric grid and to enable fair and efficient market-driven solutions to meet customers’ electric service needs.
The ERCOT grid covers approximately 75 percent of the land area in Texas.
The Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) manages the flow of electric power to approximately 20 million Texas customers – representing 85 percent of the state’s electric load and 75 percent of the Texas land area.
As the independent system operator for the region, ERCOT schedules power on an electric grid that connects 38,000 miles of transmission lines and more than 500 generation units.
ERCOT also manages financial settlement for the competitive wholesale bulk-power market and administers customer switching for 5.9 million Texans in competitive choice areas.
Balanced market rules are a basic element in Texas competition. Clear, predictable and well-designed rules help foster a stable electricity market. Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) market rules are developed by participants from all aspects of the electricity industry. The rules and amendments are reviewed by the Public Utility Commission of Texas to ensure that they satisfy the public interest.
WHY COMPETITION?
Texas lawmakers changed state law to allow customers to have more control over their purchase of electric service because they believe competition is good for Texas. Over time, competition for electric service is expected to lower rates and speed the development of new products and services.
WHAT HAS CHANGED?
In the past, one company provided all parts of your electric service (generation, transmission and distribution, and retail sales). With competition, these parts are separated into different companies. Generation, or production of electricity, was deregulated in 1995, resulting in an ample supply of new, cleaner and more efficient power plants throughout Texas.
The actual delivery of electricity across poles and wires to your home is called transmission and distribution. These services are provided to you by your local wires company, which is responsible for maintaining the poles and wires, and responding to emergencies and power outages as always. The Public Utility Commission continues to regulate transmission and distribution to ensure the safety and reliability of your electric service.
With electric competition, Retail Electric Providers sell electricity to you and provide functions such as customer service and billing. Retail Electric Providers compete for your business by offering lower prices, renewable energy options, added customer service benefits or other incentives.
No matter which Retail Electric Provider provides your service, the Public Utility Commission continues to enforce customer protections and regulate the delivery of electricity to ensure it is delivered safely and reliably by the local wires company .
Competition also is expected to create new jobs, stimulate economic development and help our environment.
CUSTOMER RIGHTS
All Retail Electric Providers must adhere to Public Utility Commission of Texas (PUC) rules and regulations designed to protect you against fraudulent, unfair, misleading, discriminatory or anti-competitive practices.
These protections include:
Non-Discrimination: In addition to standard discrimination prohibitions, a Retail Electric Provider may not deny service or discriminate in the marketing of electric service based on a customer’s income level, location in an economically distressed area, or qualification for low-income or energy efficiency services.
Slamming and Cramming: Slamming is switching your electric service provider without your permission. Cramming is adding charges to your electric bill for additional services without your permission. Both slamming and cramming are illegal.
Dispute Resolution: Retail Electric Providers must promptly investigate customer complaints and customers have the right to make complaints about a Retail Electric Provider to the PUC.
Privacy of Information: No Retail Electric Provider can release any customer-specific information to another Retail Electric Provider or any other companies without your permission.
Safety and Reliability: No matter which Retail Electric Provider you choose, the Public Utility Commission continues to enforce customer protections and regulate the delivery of electricity to ensure it is delivered safely and reliably by the local wires company.
DELIVERY OF ELECTRICITY
When you choose a new electric provider, you are choosing the company that provides or sells you electricity – a company called a Retail Electric Provider. These companies purchase electricity from competing power plants, and electricity is delivered to your home or business over the same poles and wires that are in your neighborhood today.
The actual delivery of the electricity (“transmission and distribution”) is still provided by your local utility, now called a local wires company. In a competitive electric market, your local wires company will continue to be responsible for maintaining the poles and wires that deliver electricity to your home or business. You and your neighbors can all have different Retail Electric Providers, but you all have the same local wires company.
An important message from the Commissioners regarding Electric Choice and the reliability of your electric service. – 01/05
REPAIRS AND EMERGENCIES
If you experience an emergency or power outage, you may call:
Your Retail Electric Provider, who will work with the local wires company to repair the problem, or connect you to your local wires company.
The number for repairs and emergencies printed on your electric bill.
Your local wires company as you do today.
KHOU-TV CH-11 NEWS
HOUSTON, TEXAS (June 6, 2006 Transcript)
Families across our area can save hundreds, even thousands of dollars if they would only switch to an
energy provider that charges less. But you know what, most people just won’t switch and we’ve wondered
why. 11 News reporter Jeremy Diesel shows us what he’s uncovered. You have the power to choose.
Power that can literally save you hundreds of dollars a year on your bill. But in the four years since electricity deregulation began in Texas only a little more than 25% of people in the Houston area have left Reliant Energy, even though the price it’s forced to charge is generally the highest.
Minnie Lee Coleman is like so many others. ” If it gets unbearable here I will cut it off and just sacrifice
something else to pay my electric bill. Because paying half and part I don’t do that.” Last night she told
us she’s willing to sacrifice. But not willing to leave Reliant for a cheaper price. “I don’t trust them. And
that’s it.”
But why?
Houston Mayor Bill White is hoping to educate. “They should not question reliability as far as keeping
the lights on or what happens if there is a storm — who is going to turn back on the power.”
Here’s the deal, when deregulation happened five years ago, Reliant Energy divided into two completely
separate companies. Reliant which sells power and Centerpoint which delivers it. CenterPoint
owns the lines which carry power, maintain them and reads the meter no matter who your power
provider is.
Come storm time, its CenterPoint which restores power to those who lose it. Not the power provider
you pay. All of the power companies Reliant, TXU, Green Mountain, Commerce and more than a dozen
others all put their power on the Texas grid. Its then used by everyone. Your meter read by CenterPoint
shows the amount you used. CenterPoint forwards that information to your provider who bills you.
“Who you buy your power from does not affect the reliability of that power. But it can affect your
bottom line.
Questions – General
Q: What has stayed the same in electric service?
A: Your current Transmission and Distribution Utility, or “local wires company,” continues to deliver electricity to your home. Your local wires company still responds to service interruptions and continues to maintain the poles and wires. You will continue to receive the same reliable service you are used to with your local wires company, regardless of which Retail Electric Provider you receive service from.
Q: What has changed in electric service?
A: You can now choose to buy your electricity from a different electric provider than the original provider for your area. These companies are called Retail Electric Providers. Additionally, your bill now looks different than bills you have received in the past, but each Retail Electric Provider provides the same standard information.
Q: Do all Texans have the power to choose their electric provider?
A: No. City-owned utilities and member-owned electric cooperatives have the option of giving their customers a choice of providers, or keeping things the way they are today. To see if competition is active in your area call toll-free 1-866-PWR-4-TEX (1-866-797-4839).
Q: What are the benefits of Electric Choice?
A: Texas’ electric rates are average, compared to the rest of the country, but our usage is among the highest in the nation due to demand for air conditioning during the long, hot summer season. Competition in other industries has often brought lower prices and innovative, new products and services. Having more control over your buying decision should make it easier to determine what matters most to you, whether it’s prices, renewable energy, customer service, or simply a name you know.
Electric competition also should help the environment because Retail Electric Providers must offer some energy from renewable energy sources. Renewable energy – such as wind, solar, hydroelectric and biomass (gas released from landfills) – produce less air pollution than sources that rely on burning coal or natural gas.
The Texas power market is one of the most attractive in the country for new investment. Forty-seven new power plants have been built or are being built in Texas since 1995 (that’s almost one-fourth of all power plants being built or planned in the nation). The properties represent a $10 billion investment in Texas. These plants provide jobs and sales and tax revenue into local Texas communities.
Q: How does Electric Choice affect electric rates?
A: The base rates for residential and small commercial customers of investor-owned utilities in Texas were frozen from September 1, 1999, to December 31, 2002. On January 1, 2002, rates for most of these customers were lowered, creating the “Price to Beat.” The Affiliate Retail Electric Provider cannot charge above this rate until it loses 40 percent of its customers or five years pass, whichever comes first.
Q: If electric rates are frozen, why does my electric bill rise?
A: Texas law allows the Affiliate Retail Electric Provider (the electric provider that was part of the original electric company that generated and sold electricity in your area, that now only sells electricity) to ask the PUC to adjust the “fuel factor” portion of its rate when there are significant changes in the market price of natural gas and purchased energy. These requests, which may be made twice a year, are subject to PUC review and approval. The cost of natural gas has increased significantly over the last year, and fuel factors have been increased to reflect the higher cost of natural gas. For more information on how natural gas prices change please review Questions and Answers Regarding Natural Gas Prices.
The Affiliate Retail Electric Provider is prohibited from making a profit on fuel costs. Competitive (or new to the area) Retail Electric Providers set their own electric service rates.
Q: With competition, will the reliability of my electric service change?
A: No. No matter which Retail Electric Provider you choose, your electricity will continue to be delivered safely and reliably by the local wires company, a company still regulated by the PUC.
Q: How does the new competition law protect the environment?
A: The law requires “grandfathered” power plants (those that predate the 1971 Texas Clean Air Act) to reduce nitrogen-oxide emissions by at least 50 percent and sulfur dioxide by 25 percent before May 1, 2003.
Encourages upgrade or retirement of older power plants to meet emissions standards by allowing utilities to recoup the costs of retrofitting or retiring certain older power plants.
Provides incentives for energy efficiency programs that will result in less demand for the production of electricity.
Requires retail electric providers to buy an additional combined 2,000 megawatts of Texas renewable electric generation capacity statewide by January 2009, from sources that include wind, solar, hydroelectric, biomass or geothermal.
Q: Do I have to switch from my current electric utility?
A: No. If you decide not to choose a new Retail Electric Provider, your service will be provided by the Affiliate Retail Electric Provider. The Affiliate Retail Electric Provider is the electric provider that was part of the original electric company that generated and sold electricity in your area, that now only sells electricity and provides customer service.
Questions – Changing Providers
Q: Is there a penalty for changing providers?
A: There is no switching fee unless you request a special meter reading at a time other than your regularly scheduled meter reading. There may also be penalties if you break an existing contract with your current Retail Electric Provider. Review your Terms of Service agreement for details.
Q: If I sign up with a new Retail Electric Provider, when will the switch to that company happen?
A: Customers can choose a Retail Electric Provider at any time; however, you will not begin to receive power from your new Retail Electric Provider until after your next regularly scheduled meter reading. Before you are switched, you will receive written confirmation in the mail. You will receive your first electric bill from your new Retail Electric Provider on the following billing cycle.
Q: Do I have a right to cancel?
A: Yes. You may cancel within three days from when you receive your Terms of Service agreement by contacting the Retail Electric Provider. If you are hand-delivered a terms of service agreement or you sign up for service using the Internet, there is a three-day cancellation period. The confirmation that will be mailed to you will also provide a way to cancel your switch.
Q: What happens if my Retail Electric Provider stops serving customers?
A: You will not be without electricity. Your Retail Electric Provider must give you 30 days’ advance notice to give you time to select a new provider. However, if you do not choose a new provider, your service will automatically be switched to the Provider of Last Resort for your area.
Q: If I do not choose an electric provider, who will supply my electricity?
A: If you decided not to choose a new Retail Electric Provider, your service is being provided by the Affiliate Retail Electric Provider. The Affiliate Retail Electric Provider is the electric provider that was part of the original electric company that generated and sold electricity in your area, that now only sells electricity and provides customer service.
Questions – Why is Texas different from California
Although Texas and California have similarly sized electric grids and similar growth in power demand, Texas put more than eight times the capacity online between 1996 and 1999 than California added.
The Texas power plant permitting process has a lead-time of two to three years to construct new power plants, while California’s lead-time is approximately seven years. Since 1995, 47 new power plants have been built or are being built in Texas, representing one-fourth of all power plants being built in the nation. California has built only two power plants since 1995.
New plant construction will allow power generators to easily meet the needs of residential and non-residential power users in our state.
Texas imports less than 1 percent of its power during peak power demand, compared to California, which imports at least 25 percent of its load during peak demand.
Long-term wholesale market contracts in Texas shield customers from price volatility. In Texas, power generators and Retail Electric Providers can negotiate wholesale power purchases for the lowest price, which benefits customers.
Texas enacted strong measures to protect customers during the transition to a fully competitive retail electric market. These measures have kept a lid on electric rates so Texas electric customers won’t see their electric bill double or triple.
You have a choice and now is the time to take control of your New Energy Options.
Visit my Site Below
Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1380080_27.html

Are You Paying Too Much On Your Electric Bill?

Texas is leading the nation in Energy Deregulation. Because of the planning and implementation of a very efficient Energy Deregulation and Operating System by the Texas Legislature, Texans can now enjoy the benefits of competition. Texas created the Electric Reliability Council of Texas.

The mission of the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) is to direct and ensure reliable and cost-effective operation of the electric grid and to enable fair and efficient market-driven solutions to meet customers’ electric service needs.

The ERCOT grid covers approximately 75 percent of the land area in Texas.

The Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) manages the flow of electric power to approximately 20 million Texas customers – representing 85 percent of the state’s electric load and 75 percent of the Texas land area.

As the independent system operator for the region, ERCOT schedules power on an electric grid that connects 38,000 miles of transmission lines and more than 500 generation units.

ERCOT also manages financial settlement for the competitive wholesale bulk-power market and administers customer switching for 5.9 million Texans in competitive choice areas.

Balanced market rules are a basic element in Texas competition. Clear, predictable and well-designed rules help foster a stable electricity market. Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) market rules are developed by participants from all aspects of the electricity industry. The rules and amendments are reviewed by the Public Utility Commission of Texas to ensure that they satisfy the public interest.

WHY COMPETITION?

Texas lawmakers changed state law to allow customers to have more control over their purchase of electric service because they believe competition is good for Texas. Over time, competition for electric service is expected to lower rates and speed the development of new products and services.

WHAT HAS CHANGED?

In the past, one company provided all parts of your electric service (generation, transmission and distribution, and retail sales). With competition, these parts are separated into different companies. Generation, or production of electricity, was deregulated in 1995, resulting in an ample supply of new, cleaner and more efficient power plants throughout Texas.

The actual delivery of electricity across poles and wires to your home is called transmission and distribution. These services are provided to you by your local wires company, which is responsible for maintaining the poles and wires, and responding to emergencies and power outages as always. The Public Utility Commission continues to regulate transmission and distribution to ensure the safety and reliability of your electric service.

With electric competition, Retail Electric Providers sell electricity to you and provide functions such as customer service and billing. Retail Electric Providers compete for your business by offering lower prices, renewable energy options, added customer service benefits or other incentives.

No matter which Retail Electric Provider provides your service, the Public Utility Commission continues to enforce customer protections and regulate the delivery of electricity to ensure it is delivered safely and reliably by the local wires company .

Competition also is expected to create new jobs, stimulate economic development and help our environment.

CUSTOMER RIGHTS

All Retail Electric Providers must adhere to Public Utility Commission of Texas (PUC) rules and regulations designed to protect you against fraudulent, unfair, misleading, discriminatory or anti-competitive practices.

These protections include:

Non-Discrimination: In addition to standard discrimination prohibitions, a Retail Electric Provider may not deny service or discriminate in the marketing of electric service based on a customer’s income level, location in an economically distressed area, or qualification for low-income or energy efficiency services.

Slamming and Cramming: Slamming is switching your electric service provider without your permission. Cramming is adding charges to your electric bill for additional services without your permission. Both slamming and cramming are illegal.

Dispute Resolution: Retail Electric Providers must promptly investigate customer complaints and customers have the right to make complaints about a Retail Electric Provider to the PUC.

Privacy of Information: No Retail Electric Provider can release any customer-specific information to another Retail Electric Provider or any other companies without your permission.

Safety and Reliability: No matter which Retail Electric Provider you choose, the Public Utility Commission continues to enforce customer protections and regulate the delivery of electricity to ensure it is delivered safely and reliably by the local wires company.

DELIVERY OF ELECTRICITY

When you choose a new electric provider, you are choosing the company that provides or sells you electricity – a company called a Retail Electric Provider. These companies purchase electricity from competing power plants, and electricity is delivered to your home or business over the same poles and wires that are in your neighborhood today.

The actual delivery of the electricity (“transmission and distribution”) is still provided by your local utility, now called a local wires company. In a competitive electric market, your local wires company will continue to be responsible for maintaining the poles and wires that deliver electricity to your home or business. You and your neighbors can all have different Retail Electric Providers, but you all have the same local wires company.

An important message from the Commissioners regarding Electric Choice and the reliability of your electric service. – 01/05

REPAIRS AND EMERGENCIES

If you experience an emergency or power outage, you may call:

Your Retail Electric Provider, who will work with the local wires company to repair the problem, or connect you to your local wires company.

The number for repairs and emergencies printed on your electric bill.

Your local wires company as you do today.

KHOU-TV CH-11 NEWS

HOUSTON, TEXAS (June 6, 2006 Transcript)

Families across our area can save hundreds, even thousands of dollars if they would only switch to an

energy provider that charges less. But you know what, most people just won’t switch and we’ve wondered

why. 11 News reporter Jeremy Diesel shows us what he’s uncovered. You have the power to choose.

Power that can literally save you hundreds of dollars a year on your bill. But in the four years since electricity deregulation began in Texas only a little more than 25% of people in the Houston area have left Reliant Energy, even though the price it’s forced to charge is generally the highest.

Minnie Lee Coleman is like so many others. ” If it gets unbearable here I will cut it off and just sacrifice

something else to pay my electric bill. Because paying half and part I don’t do that.” Last night she told

us she’s willing to sacrifice. But not willing to leave Reliant for a cheaper price. “I don’t trust them. And

that’s it.”

But why?

Houston Mayor Bill White is hoping to educate. “They should not question reliability as far as keeping

the lights on or what happens if there is a storm — who is going to turn back on the power.”

Here’s the deal, when deregulation happened five years ago, Reliant Energy divided into two completely

separate companies. Reliant which sells power and Centerpoint which delivers it. CenterPoint

owns the lines which carry power, maintain them and reads the meter no matter who your power

provider is.

Come storm time, its CenterPoint which restores power to those who lose it. Not the power provider

you pay. All of the power companies Reliant, TXU, Green Mountain, Commerce and more than a dozen

others all put their power on the Texas grid. Its then used by everyone. Your meter read by CenterPoint

shows the amount you used. CenterPoint forwards that information to your provider who bills you.

“Who you buy your power from does not affect the reliability of that power. But it can affect your

bottom line.

Questions – General

Q: What has stayed the same in electric service?

A: Your current Transmission and Distribution Utility, or “local wires company,” continues to deliver electricity to your home. Your local wires company still responds to service interruptions and continues to maintain the poles and wires. You will continue to receive the same reliable service you are used to with your local wires company, regardless of which Retail Electric Provider you receive service from.

Q: What has changed in electric service?

A: You can now choose to buy your electricity from a different electric provider than the original provider for your area. These companies are called Retail Electric Providers. Additionally, your bill now looks different than bills you have received in the past, but each Retail Electric Provider provides the same standard information.

Q: Do all Texans have the power to choose their electric provider?

A: No. City-owned utilities and member-owned electric cooperatives have the option of giving their customers a choice of providers, or keeping things the way they are today. To see if competition is active in your area call toll-free 1-866-PWR-4-TEX (1-866-797-4839).

Q: What are the benefits of Electric Choice?

A: Texas’ electric rates are average, compared to the rest of the country, but our usage is among the highest in the nation due to demand for air conditioning during the long, hot summer season. Competition in other industries has often brought lower prices and innovative, new products and services. Having more control over your buying decision should make it easier to determine what matters most to you, whether it’s prices, renewable energy, customer service, or simply a name you know.

Electric competition also should help the environment because Retail Electric Providers must offer some energy from renewable energy sources. Renewable energy – such as wind, solar, hydroelectric and biomass (gas released from landfills) – produce less air pollution than sources that rely on burning coal or natural gas.

The Texas power market is one of the most attractive in the country for new investment. Forty-seven new power plants have been built or are being built in Texas since 1995 (that’s almost one-fourth of all power plants being built or planned in the nation). The properties represent a $10 billion investment in Texas. These plants provide jobs and sales and tax revenue into local Texas communities.

Q: How does Electric Choice affect electric rates?

A: The base rates for residential and small commercial customers of investor-owned utilities in Texas were frozen from September 1, 1999, to December 31, 2002. On January 1, 2002, rates for most of these customers were lowered, creating the “Price to Beat.” The Affiliate Retail Electric Provider cannot charge above this rate until it loses 40 percent of its customers or five years pass, whichever comes first.

Q: If electric rates are frozen, why does my electric bill rise?

A: Texas law allows the Affiliate Retail Electric Provider (the electric provider that was part of the original electric company that generated and sold electricity in your area, that now only sells electricity) to ask the PUC to adjust the “fuel factor” portion of its rate when there are significant changes in the market price of natural gas and purchased energy. These requests, which may be made twice a year, are subject to PUC review and approval. The cost of natural gas has increased significantly over the last year, and fuel factors have been increased to reflect the higher cost of natural gas. For more information on how natural gas prices change please review Questions and Answers Regarding Natural Gas Prices.

The Affiliate Retail Electric Provider is prohibited from making a profit on fuel costs. Competitive (or new to the area) Retail Electric Providers set their own electric service rates.

Q: With competition, will the reliability of my electric service change?

A: No. No matter which Retail Electric Provider you choose, your electricity will continue to be delivered safely and reliably by the local wires company, a company still regulated by the PUC.

Q: How does the new competition law protect the environment?

A: The law requires “grandfathered” power plants (those that predate the 1971 Texas Clean Air Act) to reduce nitrogen-oxide emissions by at least 50 percent and sulfur dioxide by 25 percent before May 1, 2003.

Encourages upgrade or retirement of older power plants to meet emissions standards by allowing utilities to recoup the costs of retrofitting or retiring certain older power plants.

Provides incentives for energy efficiency programs that will result in less demand for the production of electricity.

Requires retail electric providers to buy an additional combined 2,000 megawatts of Texas renewable electric generation capacity statewide by January 2009, from sources that include wind, solar, hydroelectric, biomass or geothermal.

Q: Do I have to switch from my current electric utility?

A: No. If you decide not to choose a new Retail Electric Provider, your service will be provided by the Affiliate Retail Electric Provider. The Affiliate Retail Electric Provider is the electric provider that was part of the original electric company that generated and sold electricity in your area, that now only sells electricity and provides customer service.

Questions – Changing Providers

Q: Is there a penalty for changing providers?

A: There is no switching fee unless you request a special meter reading at a time other than your regularly scheduled meter reading. There may also be penalties if you break an existing contract with your current Retail Electric Provider. Review your Terms of Service agreement for details.

Q: If I sign up with a new Retail Electric Provider, when will the switch to that company happen?

A: Customers can choose a Retail Electric Provider at any time; however, you will not begin to receive power from your new Retail Electric Provider until after your next regularly scheduled meter reading. Before you are switched, you will receive written confirmation in the mail. You will receive your first electric bill from your new Retail Electric Provider on the following billing cycle.

Q: Do I have a right to cancel?

A: Yes. You may cancel within three days from when you receive your Terms of Service agreement by contacting the Retail Electric Provider. If you are hand-delivered a terms of service agreement or you sign up for service using the Internet, there is a three-day cancellation period. The confirmation that will be mailed to you will also provide a way to cancel your switch.

Q: What happens if my Retail Electric Provider stops serving customers?

A: You will not be without electricity. Your Retail Electric Provider must give you 30 days’ advance notice to give you time to select a new provider. However, if you do not choose a new provider, your service will automatically be switched to the Provider of Last Resort for your area.

Q: If I do not choose an electric provider, who will supply my electricity?

A: If you decided not to choose a new Retail Electric Provider, your service is being provided by the Affiliate Retail Electric Provider. The Affiliate Retail Electric Provider is the electric provider that was part of the original electric company that generated and sold electricity in your area, that now only sells electricity and provides customer service.

Questions – Why is Texas different from California

Although Texas and California have similarly sized electric grids and similar growth in power demand, Texas put more than eight times the capacity online between 1996 and 1999 than California added.

The Texas power plant permitting process has a lead-time of two to three years to construct new power plants, while California’s lead-time is approximately seven years. Since 1995, 47 new power plants have been built or are being built in Texas, representing one-fourth of all power plants being built in the nation. California has built only two power plants since 1995.

New plant construction will allow power generators to easily meet the needs of residential and non-residential power users in our state.

Texas imports less than 1 percent of its power during peak power demand, compared to California, which imports at least 25 percent of its load during peak demand.

Long-term wholesale market contracts in Texas shield customers from price volatility. In Texas, power generators and Retail Electric Providers can negotiate wholesale power purchases for the lowest price, which benefits customers.

Texas enacted strong measures to protect customers during the transition to a fully competitive retail electric market. These measures have kept a lid on electric rates so Texas electric customers won’t see their electric bill double or triple.

You have a choice and now is the time to take control of your New Energy Options.

Visit my Site Below

Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1380080_27.html

Is A Solar Electricity System Right For You?

Is A Solar Electricity System Right For You?
Author: Owen Jones
Until approximately a hundred years ago in the West, people only had recourse to renewable energy for heat and light for their homes. They burnt wood and sometimes coal or peat (OK, fossil fuels) and got up when the sun came up and went to bed with the sun as well. In, fact a large part of the world’s population still lives like that.
Things changed with mechanized industry and night shifts. Electricity providers sold the populace on being able to do more instead of just sleeping when it got dark, and the Western population got hooked on buying huge amounts of  energy, mostly electricity and engine fuel, which was usually produced from oil and coal.
This idea soon travelled around the world and with rising prosperity came emulation and other countries wanted the same. Now we are in the sad situation where we have to confess that we rode the fossil fuel gravy train to its terminus without thinking about what we would utilize when fossil fuels ran out.
This is where the typical civilian comes in. You have to think about how you want to draw energy in the future. Do you want to be powered by keeping sucking unrenewable resources out of the Earth, or do you want to have as little to do with it as you can? Would you prefer to have everything you have now, but know that the resources that are powering your lifestyle are renewable?
If, like millions of others around the world, you would rather say ‘No!’ to traditional power production methods, then you have to take a stand. But not only in words, you really have to do some something about it physically.
This will mean investing a lot of money up front, which might not be a problem for you or you may even think that taking a stand is worth looking for a bank loan. These are admirable sentiments, but I would like to propose that there is another way to self-sufficiency.
You could make your own!
Why not? The technology has been around for decades and is pretty straightforward. Most moderately capable teenagers can assemble a bank of photovoltaic cells into a solar panel and then plug that into your home’s electrical system. And if a teenager can manage it, so can you. All you (and the teenager) will need is a solar panel kit and a schematical diagram. A plan in other words.
A solar panel kit can be bought locally from a DIY shop or from the Internet. A typical solar panel will take a few hours to assemble and will produce 100 watts of electrical energy. The electricity produced from these panels is then passed through an inverter that changes the current from DC to AC, making it usable by household appliances and the utility grid.
Do yourself and the planet a good turn, get off the grid and start saving money and the planet’s resources, you will be surprised how easy it is once you get going. And do not forget, you can do it in stages of, say, one 100 watt panel a month until you hit self-sufficiency. It is not a question of ‘All or Nothing’.
Owen Jones, the author of this article, writes on many subjects, but is currently involved with a favourite subject – types of renewable energy. If you are interested in Sustainable Energy At Home, please click through to our site.
Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1477291_27.html
About the Author: [Owen Jones has travelled extensively for many years and has various websites]
http://welsh-products-online.co.uk

Is A Solar Electricity System Right For You?

Until approximately a hundred years ago in the West, people only had recourse to renewable energy for heat and light for their homes. They burnt wood and sometimes coal or peat (OK, fossil fuels) and got up when the sun came up and went to bed with the sun as well. In, fact a large part of the world’s population still lives like that.

Things changed with mechanized industry and night shifts. Electricity providers sold the populace on being able to do more instead of just sleeping when it got dark, and the Western population got hooked on buying huge amounts of  energy, mostly electricity and engine fuel, which was usually produced from oil and coal.

This idea soon travelled around the world and with rising prosperity came emulation and other countries wanted the same. Now we are in the sad situation where we have to confess that we rode the fossil fuel gravy train to its terminus without thinking about what we would utilize when fossil fuels ran out.

This is where the typical civilian comes in. You have to think about how you want to draw energy in the future. Do you want to be powered by keeping sucking unrenewable resources out of the Earth, or do you want to have as little to do with it as you can? Would you prefer to have everything you have now, but know that the resources that are powering your lifestyle are renewable?

If, like millions of others around the world, you would rather say ‘No!’ to traditional power production methods, then you have to take a stand. But not only in words, you really have to do some something about it physically.

This will mean investing a lot of money up front, which might not be a problem for you or you may even think that taking a stand is worth looking for a bank loan. These are admirable sentiments, but I would like to propose that there is another way to self-sufficiency.

You could make your own!

Why not? The technology has been around for decades and is pretty straightforward. Most moderately capable teenagers can assemble a bank of photovoltaic cells into a solar panel and then plug that into your home’s electrical system. And if a teenager can manage it, so can you. All you (and the teenager) will need is a solar panel kit and a schematical diagram. A plan in other words.

A solar panel kit can be bought locally from a DIY shop or from the Internet. A typical solar panel will take a few hours to assemble and will produce 100 watts of electrical energy. The electricity produced from these panels is then passed through an inverter that changes the current from DC to AC, making it usable by household appliances and the utility grid.

Do yourself and the planet a good turn, get off the grid and start saving money and the planet’s resources, you will be surprised how easy it is once you get going. And do not forget, you can do it in stages of, say, one 100 watt panel a month until you hit self-sufficiency. It is not a question of ‘All or Nothing’.

Owen Jones, the author of this article, writes on many subjects, but is currently involved with a favourite subject – types of renewable energy. If you are interested in Sustainable Energy At Home, please click through to our site.

Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1477291_27.html

About the Author: [Owen Jones has travelled extensively for many years and has various websites]

http://welsh-products-online.co.uk

If I can Do My Own Home Made Electricity Generation With Windmills and Solar Panels Then So Can You

If I can Do My Own Home Made Electricity Generation With Windmills and Solar Panels Then So Can You
Author: Nigel Thomas
Electricity generation from home is fast becoming the buzzterm of the millenium. With the cost of fuel set to eventually return to, and perhaps surpass, the prices we saw in 2008, we need to prepare for a corresponding rise in our monthly electricity bills. Next winter could be a long cold one for many people, not to mention the state of the economy.
To counter this potential burden on their monthly expenses many are turning to green power, renewable energy which we can find right on all of our doorsteps.
We’re talking about solar energy, power from our sun, and wind energy, harnessed by those hypnotic windmills we see popping up in more and more locations around us.
What may come as a surprise to most is that setting up a solar power generator or a windmill generator in your home is not at all difficult or costly, and you can get all the parts you need from your local hardware store.
Many are starting to do this electricity generation themselves to help reduce their power bills, and do their bit for the planet.
The benefits are actually more than meets the eye.
For example, what not many realize is that you can ‘sell’ power to the national grid in just the same way as ‘buying’ it when you consume it as electricity with your household appliances.
When you install renewable power sources and the amount you install exceeds your household requirements, your excess power with trickle back up to the power station and you get paid the going rate.
By installing a couple of solar panels in strategic locations, and a couple of windmills, also in optimal locations, you should be able to exceed the power requirements of a small house. This would not only eliminate your power bills completely, you would also receive an income from selling the excess back.
What type you use really depends on your geographical location. Fortunately most places in the world get enough of a share of wind and sun to justify using either or both methods to generate power.
If you happen to be in a place which doesn’t have both, choose the method which best suits your environment and double up with that.
In terms of what the optimal installation would be, solar panels should be placed at a 45 degree angle to the sky with half pointing east and the other half pointing west. As the sun rises in the east the easterly facing panels would capture the sunlight from early morning to mid day, and the westerly pointing panels would capture the sun during the afternoon until dusk.
Wind turbines and windmills need to be as high up as possible as the wind is more likely to be stronger higher up than nearer the ground. Failing that, anywhere that receives a consistent breeze would do the trick.
Buying ready made windmills and solar paneling can be quite expensive, but anyone who likes these kinds of home improvement projects would have no problem making and installing these things yourselves.
The advantages are obviously huge, from the additional income electricity generation can bring, to the dramatic positive effects it will have on our environment if we, and more like us make our own power from the forces that surround us. Make it your project too.
Learn how expert Mark Saunders installed solar paneling and windmill power generators to start making and income from electricity generation. Now he doesn’t need to pay a dime for his power, is immune to power outages, and is giving our environment the respect it demands. You can do your bit too at Electricity Generation.
Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_860654_27.html

If I can Do My Own Home Made Electricity Generation With Windmills and Solar Panels Then So Can You

Electricity generation from home is fast becoming the buzzterm of the millenium. With the cost of fuel set to eventually return to, and perhaps surpass, the prices we saw in 2008, we need to prepare for a corresponding rise in our monthly electricity bills. Next winter could be a long cold one for many people, not to mention the state of the economy.

To counter this potential burden on their monthly expenses many are turning to green power, renewable energy which we can find right on all of our doorsteps.

We’re talking about solar energy, power from our sun, and wind energy, harnessed by those hypnotic windmills we see popping up in more and more locations around us.

What may come as a surprise to most is that setting up a solar power generator or a windmill generator in your home is not at all difficult or costly, and you can get all the parts you need from your local hardware store.

Many are starting to do this electricity generation themselves to help reduce their power bills, and do their bit for the planet.

The benefits are actually more than meets the eye.

For example, what not many realize is that you can ‘sell’ power to the national grid in just the same way as ‘buying’ it when you consume it as electricity with your household appliances.

When you install renewable power sources and the amount you install exceeds your household requirements, your excess power with trickle back up to the power station and you get paid the going rate.

By installing a couple of solar panels in strategic locations, and a couple of windmills, also in optimal locations, you should be able to exceed the power requirements of a small house. This would not only eliminate your power bills completely, you would also receive an income from selling the excess back.

What type you use really depends on your geographical location. Fortunately most places in the world get enough of a share of wind and sun to justify using either or both methods to generate power.

If you happen to be in a place which doesn’t have both, choose the method which best suits your environment and double up with that.

In terms of what the optimal installation would be, solar panels should be placed at a 45 degree angle to the sky with half pointing east and the other half pointing west. As the sun rises in the east the easterly facing panels would capture the sunlight from early morning to mid day, and the westerly pointing panels would capture the sun during the afternoon until dusk.

Wind turbines and windmills need to be as high up as possible as the wind is more likely to be stronger higher up than nearer the ground. Failing that, anywhere that receives a consistent breeze would do the trick.

Buying ready made windmills and solar paneling can be quite expensive, but anyone who likes these kinds of home improvement projects would have no problem making and installing these things yourselves.

The advantages are obviously huge, from the additional income electricity generation can bring, to the dramatic positive effects it will have on our environment if we, and more like us make our own power from the forces that surround us. Make it your project too.

Learn how expert Mark Saunders installed solar paneling and windmill power generators to start making and income from electricity generation. Now he doesn’t need to pay a dime for his power, is immune to power outages, and is giving our environment the respect it demands. You can do your bit too at Electricity Generation.

Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_860654_27.html